What is web api

Asp.net web API is a platform to create Restful Services which is based on HTTP Request. Web API can be reached to the multiple clients like web based, mobile based etc. Web API Request and Response can be in XML and JSON.

We have Following HTTP Request which we can use in Web API:-

Get: - To Fetch the data(Read)

Post: - To submit the data(Create)

Put: -To Update the data(Update)

Delete: - To Delete the data(Delete)

Start Web API

Go to the Visual Studio 2012->File->New->Project->select MVC 4 Application and choose the web api from the template

		select web api from visual studio
		Figure 1

When you click ok you will get your project and in solution explores you will get two extra files. One is your webapi.config file and other is ValuesController.

		api config file
		Figure 2

In mvc we have Route.config file to map the request but in api we have WebApiConfig route file.

		set api config
		Figure 3

Now move the ValuesController. In mvc as we have controller which is inherited by the controller class similarly we have controller in web api which is inherited by ApiController Class.

Every method inside this controller is HTTP Request like Get, post, put and delete.

		code of web api
		Figure 4

Now change the get code and add some values which you want to return. As I have returned my full name.

		// GET api/values
        public IEnumerable<string> Get()
            return new string[] { "isha", "malhotra" };


Now execute this code

		web api output
		Figure 5

Now change the data in this method. I have returned some department name from this method

Controller Code

		  // GET api/values
        public IEnumerable<string> Get()
            return new string[] { "HR", "Sales" };


How to Access Web API using Ajax

Now move to the home controller and add View. Now use the following JQuery code to retrieve this web api

    <script src="~/Scripts/jquery-1.7.1.min.js"></script> 
            function () {
                $(window).load(function ()
                          url: "/api/Values",
                          type: "Get", success:
                              function (data)
                               for (var i = 0; i < data.length; i++)
                                      var opt = new Option(data[i]);
            }); </script> 

    <select id="op1"></select>


Now execute this code and you will get following output.

		web api output

		Figure 6

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